The word CLOSED can be a verb, an adjective, and also an adverb. Consider the following sentences: 1. The door is closed. “is closed” indicates a state of being (closed is functioned as an adjective) — The door is not open; the door is shut. 2. The door is close. “is close” indicates location… Read More “Is Closed” or “Is Close”?? “Is Opened” or “Is Open”?? – What’s the difference?
Plural Linked-Words How do we pluralize these compound nouns? Drive-in movie Passer-by Does ‘drive-in movie’ become drives-in movie or drive-in movies? Does ‘passer-by’ become passer-bys or passers-by? Hold your thought for a moment until you finish reading this explanation thoroughly, then you can go back and answer that question again. PLURALIZE THE CHIEF ELEMENT Normally,… Read More Plural Compound Nouns
What is DIRECT SPEECH? Consider the following sentence: Rina said: “I don’t understand indirect speech. I need explanation about this lesson.” The given sentence is in direct speech: – The exact words of the speaker have been put within quotation marks ( ” ” ) – There is a colon ( : ) after ‘said’.… Read More DIRECT and INDIRECT SPEECH
Graham : Do you have room for dessert? Julie : Yes, indeed. I think I’ll go for the homemade apple pie. Graham : All right, let’s get that. Julie : Wait a minute. The red velvet sounds scrumptious. Graham : I changed my mind. I’ll go for that, too. Julie : Hold on! I heard… Read More “To die for!”
BILL When you have finished having dinner in a restaurant and you want to pay for it. You are raising your arm to call the waiter and say this to him: “Could I have the bill, please?” You pay: • electricity bill • gas bill • telephone bill TIP After paying the bill you can… Read More BILL, TIP, FARE, FINE, and FEE – What’s the difference?
“Has/have gone to” refers to someone who has gone to a place, but has not yet returned. Example: A : Where’s Tom? B : He has gone to the bank. He should be back soon. “Has/have been to” refers to a place which someone has visited sometime in his life. In other words, “has been… Read More “Have gone” vs “Have been” – What’s the difference?
Both ‘hanged’ and ‘hung’ are intransitive verbs; that means they need an object. These words are one of the most confusing words to ESL students. They often mix up the two words. I hope after reading my explanation about these two confusing words, you won’t be confused anymore. HANGED is the simple past and past… Read More Hanged vs Hung
English makes liberal use of punctuation marks. In fact, written English would hardly make sense if no punctuation marks were used. Here are some common mistakes in the use of punctuation marks. 1. A sentence must end with a full stop, a question mark or an exclamation mark. • She is a lovely… Read More Common Mistakes in the Use of Punctuation Marks
What’s Parallelism? Parallelism is the balance between two or more similar words, phrases, or clauses. Parallelism is also called Parallel Structure or Parallel Construction. Parallel construction prevents awkwardness, promotes clarity, and improves writing style and readability. INCORRECT: Julie likes playing the piano, the trumpet, and play the guitar. CORRECT : Julie likes playing the piano,… Read More Parallelism
Here are some typical phrases that you can use in a telephone conversation: ANSWERING THE PHONE • Hello? (informal) • Thank you for calling Learning English Center, Demi speaking. How can I help you? • Doctor’s office. INTRODUCING YOURSELF • Hey Rina. It’s Julie calling. (informal) • Hello, this is Julie calling. ASKING TO SPEAK… Read More Telephone Language