Most, Most of, Almost, and Almost All

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MOST

‘Most’ is a determiner that can be followed directly by a noun or by the phrase “of the”. However, it cannot be followed by “of” or “the” alone.

Examples:

INCORRECT: Most of Indonesians live in Asia.

CORRECT    : Almost all Indonesians eat rice.

CORRECT    : Most Indonesians live in Asia. (The majority of Indonesian people live in Asia.)

Another example:

Most of the Indonesians in this class are Muslims. (Only those in the class.)

ALMOST

It means very nearly. ‘Almost’ is usually followed by a number or quantifier (99%, all). The quantifier can be followed by the phrase “of the,” but not “of” or “the” alone.

Examples:

INCORRECT: Almost Indonesians eat rice.

CORRECT    : Almost all Indonesians eat rice.

INCORRET: Almost of Indonesian students in this class like beef goulash (gulai daging).

CORRECT  : Almost all of the Indonesian students in this class like beef goulash.

Difference between Almost and Most

Almost all = a very large percentage (99%)
Almost all is like most but it usually means a bigger number.

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