Verbs

verbs-1

What is a verb?

1. A Verb says something about a person or thing.

2. Verbs are divided into three different kinds :

a. Transitive Verbs

A Transitive  Verb requires an object to complete its meaning.

Examples :

a. The hunter killed a bear.

b. The scholar learned his lesson.

In (a) “bear” is the object of ” killed “.

In (b) “lesson” is the object of ” learned “.

Transitive Verb has two voice : the active and passive voice – we will discuss active and passive voice in a another time.

b. Intransitive Verbs

An Intransitive Verb does not require an object to complete its meaning.

Examples :

(a) He sleeps.

(b) We go.

No object can come after such verbs as “sleep”, “go”, etc.

c. Auxiliary Verbs

An Auxiliary Verb is used to help an other verb.

Examples:

(a) I shall go.

(b) We have come.

In (a) “shall” is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb “go” to form a future time.

In (b) “have” is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb “come” to express a time partly past and partly present.

Note : A verb that is helped by an auxiliary verb is called a Principal verb.

3. Tenses of Verbs

a. Tense denotes the time of an action or its completeness.

b. There are three major tenses :

1. the Present Tense

2. the Past Tense

3. the Future Tense

We will discuss tenses in another time.

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