What is a verb?
1. A Verb says something about a person or thing.
2. Verbs are divided into three different kinds :
a. Transitive Verbs
A Transitive Verb requires an object to complete its meaning.
a. The hunter killed a bear.
b. The scholar learned his lesson.
In (a) “bear” is the object of ” killed “.
In (b) “lesson” is the object of ” learned “.
Transitive Verb has two voice : the active and passive voice – we will discuss active and passive voice in a another time.
b. Intransitive Verbs
An Intransitive Verb does not require an object to complete its meaning.
(a) He sleeps.
(b) We go.
No object can come after such verbs as “sleep”, “go”, etc.
c. Auxiliary Verbs
An Auxiliary Verb is used to help an other verb.
(a) I shall go.
(b) We have come.
In (a) “shall” is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb “go” to form a future time.
In (b) “have” is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb “come” to express a time partly past and partly present.
Note : A verb that is helped by an auxiliary verb is called a Principal verb.
3. Tenses of Verbs
a. Tense denotes the time of an action or its completeness.
b. There are three major tenses :
1. the Present Tense
2. the Past Tense
3. the Future Tense
We will discuss tenses in another time.