We sometimes use more than one adjective before the noun:
• I like big black dogs.
• She was wearing a beautiful long red dress.
What is the correct order for two or more adjectives?
1. The general order is: Opinion, Fact.
“Opinion” is what you think about something. “Fact” is what is definitely true about something.
• A nice French car. (not a French nice car)
[You have an opinion that the car is nice; and the fact that it was made in France.]
2. The normal order for fact adjectives is size, age, shape, color, material, origin. Other references place ‘age’ after ‘shape’ (just like in the picture). Both references are correct. I prefer OPSHACOM (Opinion, Shape, Age, Color, Origin, Material) because this pattern is easy to remember.
• A big, old, square, black, wooden Chinese table.
Watch this video. Professor Grammar will explain more about OPSHACOM.
3. Determiners usually come first, even though they are fact adjectives.
• articles (a, the)
• possessives (my, your…)
• demonstratives (this, that…)
• quantifiers (some, any, few, many…)
• numbers (one, two, three…)
Now try this: Arrange these adjectives into a good order.
a – chest – it’s – beautiful – ivory – antique.