Suffix -er

Suffix is a morphem added at the end of a root word to form a new word with a new meaning. Suffix -er has a lot of meanings. Take a look at this:

1. as a performer; a person or a thing who/which does something

Suffix -er (also -or) is added to some verbs to form nouns that refer to people or things that do that particular activity.

a singer = a person who sings

a swimmer = a person who swims

a farmer = a person who farms

a dishwasher = a machine or person that washes dishes

an actor = a person who acts

 

2. as a specialist

Suffix -er is added to the names of particular subjects to form nouns that refer to people who have knowledge about or are studying that subject.

• a philosopher = a person who knows about/studies philosophy

• an astronomer = a person who knows about/studies astronomy

 

3. to mean “from a certain place”

Suffix -er is added to the names of particular places to form nouns referring to people who come from those places.

a Londoner = a person who comes from London

a southerner = a person who comes from the south

 

4. to mean “to be involved with”

Suffix -er is added to nouns or adjectives to form nouns referring to people who are connected or involved with that particular thing.

a pensioner = a person who receives a pension

fifth graders = children who are in the fifth grade in a school

 

5. to mean “more”

Suffix -er is added to adjectives to mean something is more than another thing; it is mostly used in comparative degree.

taller

• smarter

• colder

• prettier

Now try this exercise:

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